Ophthalmology in China ›› 2015, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 268-271.doi: 10.13281/j.cnki.issn.1004-4469.2015.04.012

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Tear film stability in allergic conjunctivitis children without symptoms of dry eye

QI Ya, WU Qian, YU Gang   

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100045, China
  • Received:2014-09-24 Online:2015-07-25 Published:2015-08-18
  • Contact: YU Gang, Email: ykyg0202@vip.163.com


Objective To study the relationship of children allergic conjunctivitis with symptoms of dry eye. Design Retrospective cases series. Participants 30 cases (60 eyes) of children seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, and 20 cases (40 eyes) of children ametropia as control group were analyzed. All of them had no symptoms of dry eye. Methods All subjects were inquired disease history and examined including external eyes, anterior segment, breakup time (BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (FL) and Schirmer I test (SIt). FL score was evaluated from 0 to 12, and 0 score indicated no staining of cornea. Main Outcome Measures BUT, SIt and FL score. Results BUT in allergic conjunctivitis group and in control group was (7.35±2.46)s, (11.95±2.183)s, respectively ( t =9.569,P=0.000).SIt in allergic conjunctivitis group and in control group was (18.28±5.123) mm, (16.50±5.149) mm, respectively( t =1.702,P=0.092). The patient number of non 0 FL score in allergic conjunctivitis group and in control group was 13 cases (20 eyes), 6 cases (6 eyes), respectively (χ2=4.193, P=0.041). There was no significant correlation between the time length of disease and FL score, BUT in allergic conjunctivitis group. Conclusion There was the correlation to dry eye in children seasonal allergic conjunctivitis even without symptom of dry eye. The decreased tear break-up time and positive fluorescent staining were the main representations. (Ophthalmol CHN, 2015, 24: 268-271)

Key words: children allergic conjunctivitis, dry eye